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This measurement area focuses on the actions and strategies that financial institutions undertake in order to operate within planetary boundaries. This includes reducing financed emissions and preventing further biodiversity loss as well as contributing to climate- and nature-positive solutions. Biodiversity and climate change are interrelated, and a financial institution that aims to operate within planetary boundaries has a clear strategy to address both.

Ranking table

Total score out of 100 Governance and strategy out of 40 Respecting planetary boundaries out of 30 Adhering to societal conventions out of 30
1 EIB Group
Total score 50.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 16.7 /30
Governance and strategy 24.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 16.7 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 10.3 /30
2 Aviva
Total score 51.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 15.0 /30
Governance and strategy 23.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 15.0 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 12.5 /30
3 BNP Paribas
Total score 49.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 14.9 /30
Governance and strategy 19.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 14.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 15.0 /30
4 AXA
Total score 36.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 14.6 /30
Governance and strategy 10.9 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 14.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 11.0 /30
5 PGGM
Total score 29.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 14.2 /30
Governance and strategy 12.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 14.2 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.5 /30
6 UBS
Total score 38.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.9 /30
Governance and strategy 16.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.8 /30
7 Bank of Montreal (BMO)
Total score 52.5 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.3 /30
Governance and strategy 24.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 14.5 /30
8 Mizuho Financial Group
Total score 28.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.3 /30
Governance and strategy 7.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.5 /30
9 APG Group
Total score 31.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.1 /30
Governance and strategy 17.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 1.0 /30
10 NatWest Group
Total score 40.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.1 /30
Governance and strategy 19.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 13.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.8 /30
11 Credit Agricole
Total score 43.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.9 /30
Governance and strategy 19.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 11.0 /30
12 British International Investment
Total score 24.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Governance and strategy 5.9 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.5 /30
- Caisse des Depots
Total score 20.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Governance and strategy 4.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.8 /30
- Nordea Group
Total score 27.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Governance and strategy 7.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.0 /30
- Rabobank
Total score 28.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Governance and strategy 8.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.5 /30
- Schroders
Total score 34.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Governance and strategy 13.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 9.0 /30
17 Fidelity International
Total score 31.5 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Governance and strategy 14.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.0 /30
18 NN Group
Total score 41.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.5 /30
Governance and strategy 21.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.5 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.5 /30
19 Allianz
Total score 40.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.2 /30
Governance and strategy 15.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 12.2 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 12.3 /30
20 ADB
Total score 43.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 11.9 /30
Governance and strategy 25.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 11.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.8 /30
21 Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group (MUFG)
Total score 24.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 11.7 /30
Governance and strategy 5.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 11.7 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.8 /30
22 Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ)
Total score 32.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 11.1 /30
Governance and strategy 16.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 11.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.3 /30
23 M&G
Total score 31.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Governance and strategy 13.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.0 /30
24 Arbejdsmarkedets Tillaegspension (ATP)
Total score 25.5 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Governance and strategy 12.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.5 /30
25 EBRD
Total score 25.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Governance and strategy 9.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.3 /30
- International Finance Corporation (IFC)
Total score 27.8 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Governance and strategy 8.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 8.5 /30
27 Groupe BPCE
Total score 20.5 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Governance and strategy 5.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.3 /30
- Legal and General Group
Total score 27.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Governance and strategy 8.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.8 /30
- National Australia Bank
Total score 29.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Governance and strategy 12.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 6.5 /30
- Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB)
Total score 27.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Governance and strategy 9.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.3 /30
31 Cathay Financial Holding
Total score 34.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.3 /30
Governance and strategy 11.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 12.5 /30
32 Kommunal Landspensjonskasse Gjensidig Forsikringsselskap (KLP)
Total score 23.7 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.3 /30
Governance and strategy 9.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 3.8 /30
33 Norges Bank Investment Management
Total score 31.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.3 /30
Governance and strategy 15.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.5 /30
34 Standard Chartered
Total score 31.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.0 /30
Governance and strategy 11.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.0 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 10.3 /30
35 BlackRock
Total score 34.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.0 /30
Governance and strategy 16.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.0 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 8.3 /30
36 ABN AMRO
Total score 39.8 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.0 /30
Governance and strategy 16.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 10.0 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 13.5 /30
37 Danske Bank
Total score 21.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.9 /30
Governance and strategy 4.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.0 /30
38 Credit Suisse Group
Total score 28.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.6 /30
Governance and strategy 14.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.5 /30
39 CIMB
Total score 42.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.4 /30
Governance and strategy 25.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.4 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.3 /30
- Societe Generale
Total score 39.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.4 /30
Governance and strategy 17.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.4 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 12.8 /30
41 Aegon
Total score 20.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.2 /30
Governance and strategy 3.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 9.2 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 8.5 /30
42 ING
Total score 36.5 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.9 /30
Governance and strategy 15.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 12.0 /30
43 Goldman Sachs
Total score 20.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.9 /30
Governance and strategy 7.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.5 /30
44 Nippon Life Insurance
Total score 14.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.8 /30
Governance and strategy 4.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 1.5 /30
45 DNB
Total score 19.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.8 /30
Governance and strategy 5.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.5 /30
46 Bancolombia
Total score 28.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Governance and strategy 8.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 11.3 /30
- California Public Employees Retirement System (CalPERS)
Total score 21.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Governance and strategy 9.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 3.0 /30
- Swedbank
Total score 28.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Governance and strategy 10.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 9.0 /30
49 AustralianSuper
Total score 18.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Governance and strategy 7.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.5 /30
- Banco Santander
Total score 28.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Governance and strategy 12.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.0 /30
51 abrdn plc
Total score 37.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Governance and strategy 16.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 13.0 /30
52 Zurich Insurance Group
Total score 29.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Governance and strategy 14.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 6.5 /30
53 Barclays
Total score 23.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Governance and strategy 6.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 8.3 /30
- Federated Hermes
Total score 19.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Governance and strategy 5.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.5 /30
- HSBC
Total score 25.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Governance and strategy 9.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.0 /30
56 Lloyds Banking Group
Total score 28.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Governance and strategy 13.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.8 /30
57 ANZ Banking Group
Total score 28.5 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Governance and strategy 13.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.0 /30
- Sun Life Financial
Total score 33.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Governance and strategy 19.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.5 /30
59 JP Morgan Chase & Co
Total score 26.7 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Governance and strategy 9.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 8.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 9.3 /30
60 Assicurazioni Generali
Total score 33.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Governance and strategy 17.9 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.5 /30
- Caixabank
Total score 37.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Governance and strategy 16.9 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 13.3 /30
- Deutsche Bank
Total score 20.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Governance and strategy 6.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 6.0 /30
- KBC Groep
Total score 28.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Governance and strategy 12.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 9.0 /30
- Phoenix Group
Total score 23.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Governance and strategy 11.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.0 /30
- Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group
Total score 27.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Governance and strategy 14.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.8 /30
66 Ping An Insurance
Total score 12.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Governance and strategy 2.9 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.0 /30
67 Morgan Stanley
Total score 24.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.6 /30
Governance and strategy 8.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.6 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 8.3 /30
68 Alecta
Total score 25.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Governance and strategy 15.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.8 /30
- Citigroup
Total score 33.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Governance and strategy 14.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 11.8 /30
70 Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan Board
Total score 17.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Governance and strategy 5.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.5 /30
- Royal Bank of Canada
Total score 19.0 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Governance and strategy 5.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 6.3 /30
72 Prudential
Total score 26.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Governance and strategy 13.9 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.5 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.5 /30
73 Shinhan Financial Group
Total score 18.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.1 /30
Governance and strategy 6.7 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 7.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.5 /30
74 Aware Super
Total score 22.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.9 /30
Governance and strategy 12.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 3.5 /30
75 Wellington Management
Total score 15.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.9 /30
Governance and strategy 6.5 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.5 /30
76 Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Holdings
Total score 20.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.9 /30
Governance and strategy 11.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.9 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 1.5 /30
77 Swiss Re
Total score 33.5 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.7 /30
Governance and strategy 21.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.7 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.0 /30
78 FMO
Total score 37.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.4 /30
Governance and strategy 17.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.4 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 13.8 /30
79 Tokio Marine Holdings
Total score 25.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.3 /30
Governance and strategy 11.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 8.0 /30
80 IADB Group
Total score 17.4 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.3 /30
Governance and strategy 6.2 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.3 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.0 /30
81 KfW Group
Total score 12.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 4.8 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 2.0 /30
- Landesbank Baden-Württemberg
Total score 14.1 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 1.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 7.0 /30
- Lazard
Total score 9.7 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 3.1 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 0.5 /30
- Macquarie Group
Total score 21.6 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 9.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 6.5 /30
- Royal London Group
Total score 16.2 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 8.6 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 1.5 /30
- Willis Towers Watson
Total score 21.9 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 10.3 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 5.5 /30
87 Norinchukin Bank
Total score 15.8 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 5.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 4.8 /30
88 Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC)
Total score 19.3 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Governance and strategy 11.4 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 6.1 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 1.8 /30
89 Dai-ichi Life Holdings
Total score 14.7 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 5.8 /30
Governance and strategy 5.9 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 5.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 3.0 /30
- KB Financial Group
Total score 28.8 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 5.8 /30
Governance and strategy 11.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 5.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 12.0 /30
- Qsuper
Total score 9.8 /100
Respecting planetary boundaries 5.8 /30
Governance and strategy 1.0 /40
Respecting planetary boundaries 5.8 /30
Adhering to societal conventions 3.0 /30