Founded in 1985, Cooke is a family-owned and vertically integrated aquaculture corporation based in Blacks Harbour, Canada with salmon farming operations in Atlantic Canada, the United States, Chile and Scotland, as well as seabass and seabream farming operations in Spain. The company has two main divisions: aquaculture and fisheries. The company has grown significantly, including acquisitions (e.g. Wanchese Fish Company, Icicle Seafoods and Omega Protein) and further diversification of their product offering by expanding their seafood assets into wild fishery. The most recent acquisition is Seajoy Seafood Corporation Group, Latin America's largest producer of premium farmed shrimp.

Baseline assessment


Room for improvement


Room for improvement

Social inclusion

Room for improvement


Cooke provides limited public disclosure across the dimensions, giving it considerable room for improvement in all three. In the environment dimension, the company reports on sustainable fishing practices and has a four-star Best Aquaculture Practices certification mark. However, no information was found on GHG emissions, minimising freshwater use, food waste, plastic use and packaging waste or animal welfare. In terms of nutrition, the company commits to food safety by providing the necessary infrastructure, resources and training to enable its employees to uphold high standards of safety, food safety, quality and operational integrity while handling the company’s products. Despite its position as one of the largest seafood companies in the world, however, Cooke lacks disclosure on a wide range of topics, including making healthy products widely available and affordable, protein diversification, responsible marketing, clear and transparent labelling and workforce nutrition. No commitments were found in the social inclusion dimension, notably to paying a living wage, ensuring health and safety, prohibiting child and forced labour and supporting smallholders.

Food and Agriculture Benchmark

The Food and Agriculture Benchmark will assess 350 keystone companies on the issues underpinning the food system transformation agenda. The benchmark’s aim is to stimulate companies to apply sustainable business practices throughout their operations as well as use their influence to encourage value chain partners to do the same. WBA has organised the food and agriculture value chain into six sub-sectors. These sub-sectors are also reflected in the methodology framework.

Food and agriculture revenue
CAD 2,400,000,000
(USD 1,808,790,000)
Major subsidiaries
Icicle Seafood, Omega Protein, Culmarex, Seajoy, Northeast nutrition
Consumer brands
TrueNorth Seafood Company, Wanchese

Value chain sub-sectors

Other benchmarks

The company is also included in the following benchmarks developed by WBA and our Allies. These benchmarks help to deepen our understanding on key issues and industries.